Glière was born in Kiev. He attendet the music school of his native city from 1891 to 1900. From 1905 to 1907 he pursued his studies in Berlin, and began a conducting career in 1908. Five year later, he was appointed professor of composition at the Kiev Conservatory, which he headed from 1914 to 1920. He was named successor of Taneyev as professor at the Moscow Conservatory and taught there from 1920 to 1941.